Motivational Interviewing (MI)Candidate FlashCard:
Key Figures:William Miller and Stephen Rollnick.
Premise:Therapeutic style addresses client's motivation for change by the client articulating the costs and benefits of change.
Basic approach:Client-centered and directive enhances basic motivation.
Explores and resolves ambivalence
Confrontational style is avoided
Elicits client's perceptions, goals and values
Goals:Create motivational discrepancies
Elicit self-motivational statements
Increasing motivation for change:Build rapport, recognize problems, explore various aspects of ambivalence; useful in the precontemplation stage.
Strengthen commitment to the decision for change:Goal setting, making behavioral plans, avoiding roadblocks to successful change attempts; useful in the contemplative stage of change.
Pointing out discrepancies between values/beliefs and behaviors
Accepting reluctance to change as natural (not resistance as pathology)